Periodontal Care Cheltenham
Gums are an important part of your oral health.
These supportive structures around the actual teeth hold the teeth in position and form the foundation for good oral health.
Our mouths are home to bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucous and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colourless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing help remove plaque.
Unremoved plaque can harden and form “tartar” that brushing doesn’t clean. Only a professional cleaning by your Cheltenham dentist can remove tartar.
The longer plaque and tartar are unremoved, the more harmful they become. The bacteria can cause an inflammation of the gums that is called “gingivitis.”
With gingivitis, your gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily.
Gingivitis can usually be reversed with proper brushing and flossing and a regular clean by a dentist. This form of periodontal disease does not include bone loss and tissue that hold teeth in place.
When gingivitis is left ignored, it can advance to periodontitis.
In periodontitis, the gums recede from the teeth and form pockets that become infected.
The body’s immune system fights off bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gumline. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break the bone and the connective tissues that hold teeth in place.
If left untreated, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are affected. The teeth may become loose and have to be removed.
- Hormonal changes in girls/women
- Other illnesses medications. There are hundreds of prescriptions and over the counter medications; certain medications can cause abnormal overgrowth of the gum tissue; this can make it hard to keep teeth and gums clean.
- Genetic susceptibility
Who gets gum disease?
People usually don’t show symptoms of gum disease until the age of 30 to 40. Men are more likely to develop periodontal disease compared to women.
Although teens rarely develop periodontitis, they can develop gingivitis, a milder form of gum disease.
Most commonly, gum diseases develop when plaque builds up along and under the gumline.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do I keep my teeth and gums in good condition?
- Brush your teeth two times a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride-containing toothpaste
- Floss daily to remove plaque from hard-to-reach areas between the teeth
- Visit your Cheltenham dentist routinely for a dental check-up and professional cleaning.
- Don’t smoke. If you do, try stopping.
Can periodontal disease cause health problems beyond the mouth?
For example, something else may cause both gum disease and another condition, or it could be a coincidence that you suffer from gum disease and other health problems.
More research is needed to explain whether gum diseases actually cause health problems beyond the mouth and whether treating gum disease can keep you from other health conditions.
In the meantime, it’s a known fact that preventing periodontal disease can save your teeth – a very good reason to take care of your oral health.